RULES FOR RECYCLING IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
In the last few years, some rules have been issued related to the recycling and the waste of materials that everybody uses daily. The aims are:
1- PARIS AGREEMENT OF 2015: the European Commission confirmed an action plan that addresses to the production and the use of plastic, with a view to recyclability of every package. It also aims at realizing a type of energy that is low carbon and that will contribute to achieve the sustainable development objectives.
Also in 2030, it is assumed that all the packages in the EU would be recyclable.
Some benefits that the agreement will offer thanks to the plastic recycling will be:
- raising of plastic recycling rate
- significant strengthening and modernisation of the abilities of plastic recycling in the UE, thereby employment creation
- separate collection will be improved thanks to new recycling techniques and innovation in recycling methods
- slump of CO2 emission
- development and usage of innovative materials and raw materials
2- THE CONVENTION OF BARCELONA OF 1976: the commission started a project to reduce the plastic waste in the marine environment, particularly in the Mediterranean Sea.
The legislation in the recycling environment has defined the three final objectives:
- divestment of dumps
- high efficiency of recycling activity
- new rules for organic farming
The reform increases the responsibility of the producer, that will have to guarantee the respect of recycling.
Also, the prohibition to sell dishes, straws, shakers, cotton buds in not biodegradable plastic will apply.
The labels, which we find on our products, will state the negative impacts they have on the environment.
In Italy new economic incentives are introduced that will reward the most attentive citizens.
The municipalities that aren’t able to respect the established percentage in the regulation, must pay an additional of 20%, called green tax, that grows or decreases in proportion to the realization of the level of recycling.
The additional will be used to finance intervention to prevent the production of waste, incentives to buy recycled products and materials and information activities for citizens. The regions can establish some economical prevention to increase recycling and reduce the quantities of not recycled wastes.